New Easystar FPV setup

In the last few weeks I simplified my FPV setup drastically. No more antenna tracker and pan/tilt is also gone.

The RX antenna was changed to a new one from China for 15€ and free shipping. This antenna performs best for the price. A range test was stopped at 13km due to lost line of sight. But it’s sure 15km+ can be reached as long as you have line of sight to the transmitter.

The antenna is from eBay: http://cgi.ebay.com/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=280402380910

Receiver is a standard 1200MHz one, only did the SAW filter mod (descripted here) and added a LiPo volatage monitor with 3 LEDs.


868MHz Yagi tested up to 10km

Today I run a test with my DIY 868MHz Yagi antenna.

Two Wi.232 modules were used to create a datalink. The transmitter module was sending GPS NMEA strings at 9600Baud while the receiver module was mounted on my antenna tracker, where the data was shown.

The modules were set to 15dBm output power. A 1/4 Lambda whip antenna was used on the transmitter while the Yagi was on the receiver.

When I reached a distance of 10km with direct line of sight to the transmitter I stopped the test. Data reception was stable at this point and the Yagi is proofed to work perfectly.


DIY Yagi Antenna for 1200MHz (2400MHz)

Here is another DIY Yagi antenna design for 1200MHz and also suitable for 2400MHz:

Construction details from calculation:

VK5DJ's YAGI CALCULATOR

Yagi design frequency =1200,00 MHz
Wavelength =250 mm
Parasitic elements fastened to a non-metallic or separated from boom
Folded dipole fully insulated from boom
Director/reflector diam =4 mm
Radiator diam =3,5 mm

REFLECTOR
121 mm long at boom position = 30 mm  (IT = 54,5 mm)

RADIATOR
Single dipole 116 mm tip to tip, spaced 50 mm from reflector at boom posn 80 mm (IT = 52,0 mm)
Folded dipole 118 mm tip to tip, spaced 50 mm from reflector at boom posn 80 mm (IT = 53,0 mm)

DIRECTORS
Dir    Length    Spaced    Boom position    IT    Gain    Gain
(no.)    (mm)    (mm)    (mm)        (mm)    (dBd)    (dBi)
1    103    19    99        45,5    2,8    5,0
2    102    45    144        45,0    5,4    7,6
3    101    54    197        44,5    7,1    9,3
4    99    62    260        43,5    8,4    10,5
5    98    70    330        43,0    9,4    11,6
6    97    75    405        42,5    10,2    12,4

COMMENTS
The abbreviation "IT" means "Insert To", it is the construction distance from the element tip to
the edge of the boom for through boom mounting

Spacings measured centre to centre from previous element
Tolerance for element lengths is +/- 1 mm

Boom position is the mounting point for each element as measured from the rear of the boom and
includes the 30 mm overhang.The total boom length is 435 mm including two overhangs of 30 mm

The beam's estimated 3dB beamwidth is 49 deg

A half wave 4:1 balun uses 0,70 velocity factor coax and is 87 mm long plus leads
FOLDED DIPOLE CONSTRUCTION
Measurements are taken from the inside of bends
Folded dipole length measured tip to tip = 118mm
Total rod length =259mm
Centre of rod=129mm
Distance HI=GF=46mm
Distance HA=GE=64mm
Distance HB=GD=82mm
Distance HC=GC=129mm
Gap at HG=3mm
Bend diameter BI=DF=23mm

The required balun is made from RG316 coax cable and calculated with a velocity factor of 0.7.

The dipole is made from 10mm² (diameter 3.5mm)  copper wire .

Feedpoint detail:

And finaly the plot of the VSWR measurment to proof the construction:

This Yagi is also suitable for 2400Mhz where the VSWR is a bit worser but still below 2 which is still accetable.

Material costs <10€.


DIY Yagi for 868MHz

If someone is looking for a Yagi useable in the 868MHz ISM range – here is my DIY construction:

Construction details from calculation:

VK5DJ's YAGI CALCULATOR

Yagi design frequency =868,50 MHz
Wavelength =345 mm
Parasitic elements fastened to a non-metallic or separated from boom
Folded dipole fully insulated from boom
Director/reflector diam =4 mm
Radiator diam =4 mm

REFLECTOR
167 mm long at boom position = 30 mm  (IT = 77,5 mm)

RADIATOR
Single dipole 160 mm tip to tip, spaced 69 mm from reflector at boom posn 99 mm (IT = 74,0 mm)
Folded dipole 164 mm tip to tip, spaced 69 mm from reflector at boom posn 99 mm (IT = 76,0 mm)

DIRECTORS
Dir    Length    Spaced    Boom position    IT    Gain    Gain
(no.)    (mm)    (mm)    (mm)        (mm)    (dBd)    (dBi)
1    146    26    125        67,0    3,5    5,6
2    144    62    187        66,0    5,8    7,9
3    142    74    261        65,0    7,3    9,5
4    140    86    348        64,0    8,5    10,7
5    139    97    444        63,5    9,5    11,7

COMMENTS
The abbreviation "IT" means "Insert To", it is the construction distance from the element tip to the edge
of the boom for through boom mounting

Spacings measured centre to centre from previous element
Tolerance for element lengths is +/- 1 mm

Boom position is the mounting point for each element as measured from the rear of the boom and includes
the 30 mm overhang.The total boom length is 474 mm including two overhangs of 30 mm

The beam's estimated 3dB beamwidth is 53 deg

A half wave 4:1 balun uses 0,70 velocity factor coax and is 121 mm long plus leads
FOLDED DIPOLE CONSTRUCTION
Measurements are taken from the inside of bends
Folded dipole length measured tip to tip = 164mm
Total rod length =350mm
Centre of rod=175mm
Distance HI=GF=69mm
Distance HA=GE=87mm
Distance HB=GD=105mm
Distance HC=GC=175mm
Gap at HG=3mm
Bend diameter BI=DF=23mm

If the folded dipole is considered as a flat plane (see ARRL Antenna Handbook) then its resonant
frequency is less than the flat plane algorithm's range of 10:1
The cap between the dipole halfs at the feedpoint is not critical but should be less than 5mm.

The required balun is made from RG316 coax cable and calculated with a velocity factor of 0.7.

Feedpoint detail:

And finaly the plot of the VSWR measurment to proof the construction:

Material costs <10€.

Feel free to contact me if you have questions about the antenna.